In Reserve | Marine Parks Dived
Palau is to create the world's first nation-wide marine sanctuary. Here's five marine parks we have dived in the last year - send us your list of protected sites you have dived in 2014
Set up in 1990, the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary protects 2,900 square nautical miles. It includes the world’s third largest barrier reef, extensive seagrass beds, mangrove-fringed islands, and more than 6,000 species of marine life. The sanctuary also protects shipwrecks and other archeological treasures.
Monterey Bay, California
Also designated in 1992, the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary is a federally protected marine area covering 4,601 square nautical miles of ocean off California. It is one of America's largest natural sanctuaries - bigger than topside's Yellowstone National Park.
The Komodo National Park in Indonesia was established in 1980 and was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. The park was initially established to conserve the unique Komodo dragon . Since then conservation goals have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both marine and terrestrial. The Komodo National Park encompasses 1,817 square kilometers of land and marine wilderness. However there is an on-going battle to force the Indonesian authorities to enforce the protection of the area with illegal fishing common.
A voluntary marine nature reserve was established around Lundy Island in the Bristol Channel off Decon in the UK in 1971. In 1986, it was officially designated by the UK government as England’s first marine protected area.
From one of the smallest (Lundy) to one of the largest. The recently enlarged Palau National Marine Sanctuary in the Pacific Ocean protects 193,000 square miles (500,000 square kilometers), representing 80 percent of the country's exclusive economic zone, or the territorial waters that a nation controls. That's about the size of Texas!